Exploring Variables that Affect Your Edible Experience
The Gender Equation
Gender does more than define cultural roles; it can also influence how one reacts to cannabis edibles. Women often experience quicker onset times due to generally higher percentages of body fat, which facilitates faster THC absorption (Cooper & Haney, 2009). Physiologically, estrogen also plays a role in metabolizing THC, creating a different absorption and effect profile compared to men.
Age & Its Effects
From baby boomers to millennials, age impacts how quickly you’ll feel those brownies. Younger people with quicker metabolic rates often experience faster onset times. Older individuals may find it takes longer, potentially due to decreased enzyme efficiency in the liver where THC is metabolized (Zendulka et al., 2016).
Slower vs Faster Metabolisms
When we talk about ‘metabolism,’ we’re usually referring to the rate at which our bodies convert food into energy. A slower metabolism may result from factors like decreased physical activity, hormonal imbalances, or certain medical conditions. Those with slower metabolisms may experience a more delayed onset but possibly longer-lasting effects (Huestis, 2007). How do you know your metabolism type? Factors like weight changes, energy levels, and how quickly you feel the effects of medications or food can be indicators.
Regardless of your gender, age, or metabolic rate, the product you choose—be it gummies, chocolates, or tinctures—also plays a significant role in determining onset time and effects.
Timing to Onset Comparison Table
|Factor||Gender (Male)||Gender (Female)||Age (Young)||Age (Middle)||Age (Older)||Metabolism (Slow)||Metabolism (Fast)|
|Onset Time||30-60 mins||15-45 mins||15-30 mins||30-60 mins||45-90 mins||60-120 mins||15-30 mins|
|Peak Effects||2-3 hrs||1.5-2.5 hrs||1-2 hrs||2-3 hrs||3-4 hrs||4-5 hrs||1-2 hrs|
Consider guidance with high risk specific conditions:
- Liver Disease
- Kidney Disease
- Cardiovascular Conditions
- Neurological Disorders
- Cooper, Z. D., & Haney, M. (2009). Sex-dependent effects of cannabis-induced analgesia. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 104(1-2), 126-132.
- Zendulka, O., Dovrtělová, G., Nosková, K., Turjap, M., Šulcová, A., Hanuš, L., & Jurica, J. (2016). Cannabinoids and Cytochrome P450 Interactions. Current Drug Metabolism, 17(3), 206-226.
- Huestis, M. A. (2007). Human cannabinoid pharmacokinetics. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 4(8), 1770-1804.
📗 Note: The diagram you see here is based on principles discussed in greater depth in “The Doctor-Approved Cannabis Handbook.” Enhance your knowledge by purchasing the book directly through this link 📗.