Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is well-known for its psychoactive effects, which can both improve and impair sleep, depending on dosage and context. This guide aims to unravel the intricacies of how THC—and to some extent, CBD—affects different stages of sleep. We’ll also compare these effects to those of other commonly used sleep aids, whether over-the-counter or prescription-based.
How THC Influences Sleep Architecture
- Very Low Dose: Minimal impact, may promote drowsiness.
- Low Dose: Enhances the quality of NREM sleep.
- Medium Dose: Could suppress NREM sleep duration.
- High Dose: Marked suppression of NREM sleep.
- Very High Dose: Unpredictable, can either suppress or fragment NREM sleep.
- Very Low Dose: Slight reduction in REM sleep.
- Low Dose: Notable reduction in REM sleep.
- Medium Dose: Significant suppression of REM sleep.
- High Dose: Almost complete REM sleep suppression.
- Very High Dose: REM sleep may be virtually absent.
CBD’s Subtle Roles
Small doses of CBD can mitigate some of the disruptive effects of THC on sleep, specifically in NREM sleep fragmentation at high THC doses.
Comparison with Other Sleep Aids
- OTC Medications
- Tylenol: Relieves pain but may not substantially improve sleep.
- Benadryl: May induce drowsiness but impacts REM sleep.
- Ibuprofen: May indirectly aid sleep by reducing pain.
- Camomile Tea: Mild sedative effects, often used to aid sleep.
- Lavender Tea: Mainly helps with relaxation.
- Benzodiazepines: Quick sleep induction but can affect REM and NREM sleep.
- Ambien: Rapid onset but may lead to sleepwalking episodes.
- Lunesta: Similar to Ambien but may also affect REM sleep.
Comprehensive Table on Sleep Stage Effects by THC and CBD Dose
|Sleep Stage||Very Low Dose THC||Low Dose THC||Medium Dose THC||High Dose THC||Very High Dose THC||Low Dose CBD|
|Stage 1||Mild Impact||Enhanced||Suppressed||Suppressed||Unpredictable||Normalizing|
|Stage 2||Mild Impact||Enhanced||Suppressed||Suppressed||Unpredictable||Normalizing|
|Stage 3||Mild Impact||Enhanced||Suppressed||Suppressed||Unpredictable||Normalizing|
|Stage 4 (REM)||Slightly Reduced||Reduced||Suppressed||Virtually Absent||Virtually Absent||Normalizing|
- Suraev et al., 2020
- Gorelick et al., 2013
- Babson et al., 2017
- Schierenbeck et al., 2008
- Laprairie et al., 2015
- Barrus et al., 2016
- Carley et al., 2002
Medical Illnesses and Diagnoses for Caution
- Mental Health Disorders (e.g., Schizophrenia, Anxiety)
- Heart Conditions
- Respiratory Disorders
📗 Note: The diagram’s your first note; the book’s the entire opera. Hit the high note here 📗